Linux系统下yum镜像源环境部署记录 – 散尽浮华

by 散尽浮华

博客园_散尽浮华 / 2017-12-14 19:39

之前介绍了Linux环境下本地yum源配置方法,不过这个是最简单最基础的配置,在yum安装的时候可能有些软件包不够齐全,下面说下完整yun镜像源系统环境部署记录(yum源更新脚本下载地址:https://pan.baidu.com/s/1miMNPgc     提取密码:x49g):

1)安装nginx,用于yum镜像源访问配置  [root@yum ~]# yum -y install gcc pcre-devel zlib-devel openssl-devel  [root@yum ~]# cd /data/software  [root@yum software]# wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.12.0.tar.gz  [root@yum software]# tar -zvxf nginx-1.12.0.tar.gz  [root@yum software]# cd nginx-1.12.0       添加www用户,其中-M参数表示不添加用户家目录,-s参数表示指定shell类型  [root@yum nginx-1.12.0]# useradd www -M -s /sbin/nologin  [root@yum nginx-1.12.0]# ./configure --prefix=/data/nginx --user=www --group=www --with-http_ssl_module --with-http_flv_module --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_gzip_static_module --with-pcre  [root@yum nginx-1.12.0]# make && make install       2)配置nginx  [root@yum ~]# cat /data/nginx/conf/vhosts/mirrors.conf  server {      listen 80;      server_name yum.kevin.cn mirrors.kevin.cn localhost;      index index.html index.php index.htm;           access_log  /data/nginx/logs/access.log main;      error_log  /data/nginx/logs/error.log;           location / {      root /data/mirrors;      autoindex on;      autoindex_exact_size  off;              autoindex_localtime on;      }         }       [root@yum ~]# /data/nginx/sbin/nginx -t  nginx: the configuration file /data/nginx/conf/nginx.conf syntax is ok  nginx: configuration file /data/nginx/conf/nginx.conf test is successful  [root@yum ~]# /data/nginx/sbin/nginx  [root@yum ~]# lsof -i:80  COMMAND  PID USER   FD   TYPE DEVICE SIZE/OFF NODE NAME  nginx   7741 root    6u  IPv4  28311      0t0  TCP *:http (LISTEN)  nginx   7769  www    6u  IPv4  28311      0t0  TCP *:http (LISTEN)  nginx   7770  www    6u  IPv4  28311      0t0  TCP *:http (LISTEN)  nginx   7771  www    6u  IPv4  28311      0t0  TCP *:http (LISTEN)  nginx   7772  www    6u  IPv4  28311      0t0  TCP *:http (LISTEN)  nginx   7773  www    6u  IPv4  28311      0t0  TCP *:http (LISTEN)  nginx   7774  www    6u  IPv4  28311      0t0  TCP *:http (LISTEN)  nginx   7775  www    6u  IPv4  28311      0t0  TCP *:http (LISTEN)  nginx   7776  www    6u  IPv4  28311      0t0  TCP *:http (LISTEN)            3)创建yum源数据目录  [root@yum ~]# mkdir -p /data/mirrors  [root@yum ~]# cd /data/mirrors/  [root@yum mirrors]# mkdir centos  epel  etc  rpmforge  [root@yum mirrors]# ls  centos  epel  etc  rpmforge       4)编写yum源下载更新脚本(从mirrors.ustc.edu.cn镜像网站下载和更新)  [root@yum ~]# cat /data/script/mirrors.sh  #!/bin/bash        #==========================================  # Program   : /bin/update_yum_source.sh  # Info      : 定期同步官方 yum 源到本地  # Version   : 2017.12.10 v1.0  # author    :kevin  # Usage     : 3 3 * * * /bin/bash /data/script/mirrors.sh  #==========================================        Date=`date +%Y%m%d`  LogFile="/data/logs/$Date.log"  ReceiveMail="wangshibo@kevin.com"        RsyncBin="/usr/bin/rsync"  RsyncPerm="-avrt --delete --exclude=debug/  --exclude=isos/ --exclude=SRPMS/ --exclude=ppc/ --delete-excluded"        #============ centos ==============  CentOS_Path="/data/mirrors/centos"  YumSiteList="rsync://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/centos/"  centosparm="--exclude=2*/ --exclude=3*/ --exclude=4*/ --exclude=5*/"        #============ epel ==============  epelSite="rsync://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/fedora-epel"  epelLocalPath="/data/mirrors/epel"  epelparm="--include=7/x86_64 --include=7Server/x86_64 --include=6/x86_64 --include=6Server/x86_64"        #============ rpmforge ==============  rpmforgeSite="rsync://apt.sw.be/pub/freshrpms/pub/dag/redhat/"  #rpmforgeSite="rsync://apt.sw.be/redhat/"  rpmforgeLocalPath="/data/mirrors/rpmforge/"  rpmforgeparm="--exclude=ppc/ --exclude=el2.1/ --exclude=el3/ --exclude=el4/ --exclude=el5/"        echo "---- $Date `date +%T` Begin ----" >>$LogFile        # centos  $RsyncBin $RsyncPerm  $centosparm $YumSiteList $CentOS_Path >> $LogFile        # epel  $RsyncBin $RsyncPerm  $epelparm  $epelSite $epelLocalPath >> $LogFile        # rpmforge  $RsyncBin $RsyncPerm  $rpmforgeparm $rpmforgeSite $rpmforgeLocalPath >> $LogFile        echo  "---- $Date `date +%T` End ----" >> $LogFile        #/bin/mail -s "opt001 - update yum source - $Date" $ReceiveMail<$LogFile            以上脚本中需要注意的几点:  --exclude   表示rsync同步的时候,需要排除的目录(具体表现:同步下来的目录里面为空,大小为0)  --include   表示rsync同步的时候,只想同步的目录       由于本案例是部署yum源,用于linux服务器上本地yum方案安装,不需要同步isos镜像(同时也可以节省机器空间资源),所以在同步的时候将isos镜像目录屏蔽       执行同步脚本。这个过程比较长,大概要下载将近180G的内容。需要耐心等待~~  [root@yum ~]# sh -x /data/script/mirrors.sh       [root@yum ~]# du -sh /data/mirrors/*  93G   /data/mirrors/centos  80G   /data/mirrors/epel  4.0K  /data/mirrors/etc  4.0K  /data/mirrors/rpmforge  410M  /data/mirrors/software       [root@yum ~]# ls /data/mirrors/centos/  2    3.6  6.0  6.6       7.1.1503   dostools          RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-3  RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-Debug-6     timestamp.txt  3    3.7  6.1  6.7       7.2.1511   filelist.gz       RPM-GPG-KEY-centos4   RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-Debug-7  3.1  3.8  6.2  6.8       7.3.1611   graphics          RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-4  RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-Security-6  3.3  4    6.3  6.9       7.4.1708   HEADER.html       RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-5  RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-Testing-6  3.4  5    6.4  7         build      HEADER.images     RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6  RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-Testing-7  3.5  6    6.5  7.0.1406  dir_sizes  RPM-GPG-KEY-beta  RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7  TIME  [root@yum ~]# ls /data/mirrors/epel/  4    5Client  7Server                           fullfilelist.KDUVzc9WPK           RPM-GPG-KEY-EPEL-4        RPM-GPG-KEY-EPEL-7Server  4AS  5Server  epel-release-latest-6.noarch.rpm  fullfiletimelist-epel             RPM-GPG-KEY-EPEL-5        testing  4ES  6        epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm  fullfiletimelist-epel.WaO7KUHvYz  RPM-GPG-KEY-EPEL-6  4WS  6Server  fullfilelist                      imagelist-epel                    RPM-GPG-KEY-EPEL-6Server  5    7        fullfilelist.AwiES3LjSB           RPM-GPG-KEY-EPEL                  RPM-GPG-KEY-EPEL-7            5)替换linux本机的yum源地址  [root@yum ~]# cd /etc/yum.repos.d/  [root@yum yum.repos.d]# ls  CentOS-Base.repo  CentOS-Debuginfo.repo  CentOS-fasttrack.repo  CentOS-Media.repo  CentOS-Vault.repo  [root@yum yum.repos.d]# mkdir bak  [root@yum yum.repos.d]# mv *.repo bak/  [root@yum yum.repos.d]# ls  bak       编写yum源文件  [root@yum yum.repos.d]# cat CentOS-Base.repo  # CentOS-Base.repo  #  # The mirrors system uses the connecting IP address of the client and the  # update status of each mirrors to pick mirrors that are updated to and  # geographically close to the client.  You should use this for CentOS updates  # unless you are manually picking other mirrorss.  #  # If the mirrorslist= does not work for you, as a fall back you can try the  # remarked out baseurl= line instead.  #  #     [base]  name=CentOS-CentOS-$releasever - Base  #mirrorslist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=CentOS-$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=os&infra=$infra  baseurl=http://mirrors.kevin.cn/centos/$releasever/os/$basearch/  gpgcheck=1  gpgkey=http://mirrors.kevin.cn/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-$releasever     #released updates  [updates]  name=CentOS-CentOS-$releasever - Updates  #mirrorslist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=CentOS-$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=updates&infra=$infra  baseurl=http://mirrors.kevin.cn/centos/$releasever/updates/$basearch/  gpgcheck=1  gpgkey=http://mirrors.kevin.cn/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-$releasever     #additional packages that may be useful  [extras]  name=CentOS-CentOS-$releasever - Extras  #mirrorslist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=CentOS-$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=extras&infra=$infra  baseurl=http://mirrors.kevin.cn/centos/$releasever/extras/$basearch/  gpgcheck=1  gpgkey=http://mirrors.kevin.cn/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-$releasever     #additional packages that extend functionality of existing packages  [centosplus]  name=CentOS-CentOS-$releasever - Plus  #mirrorslist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=CentOS-$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=centosplus&infra=$infra  baseurl=http://mirrors.kevin.cn/centos/$releasever/centosplus/$basearch/  gpgcheck=1  enabled=0  gpgkey=http://mirrors.kevin.cn/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-$releasever     #contrib - packages by Centos Users  [contrib]  name=CentOS-CentOS-$releasever - Contrib  #mirrorslist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=CentOS-$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=contrib&infra=$infra  baseurl=http://mirrors.kevin.cn/centos/$releasever/contrib/$basearch/  gpgcheck=1  enabled=0  gpgkey=http://mirrors.kevin.cn/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-$releasever          [root@yum yum.repos.d]# cat epel.repo  [epel]  name=Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux $releasever - $basearch  baseurl=http://mirrors.kevin.cn/epel/$releasever/$basearch  #mirrorlist=https://mirrors.fedoraproject.org/metalink?repo=epel-6&arch=$basearch  failovermethod=priority  enabled=1  gpgcheck=1  gpgkey=http://mirrors.kevin.cn/epel/RPM-GPG-KEY-EPEL-$releasever      [epel-debuginfo]  name=Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux 6 - $basearch - Debug  baseurl=http://mirrors.kevin.cn/epel/$releasever/$basearch/debug  #mirrorlist=https://mirrors.fedoraproject.org/metalink?repo=epel-debug-6&arch=$basearch  failovermethod=priority  enabled=0  gpgkey=http://mirrors.kevin.cn/epel/RPM-GPG-KEY-EPEL-$releasever  gpgcheck=1      [epel-source]  name=Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux 6 - $basearch - Source  baseurl=http://mirrors.kevin.cn/epel/$releasever/SRPMS  #mirrorlist=https://mirrors.fedoraproject.org/metalink?repo=epel-source-6&arch=$basearch  failovermethod=priority  enabled=0  gpgkey=http://mirrors.kevin.cn/epel/RPM-GPG-KEY-EPEL-$releasever  gpgcheck=1            [root@yum yum.repos.d]# yum clean all  [root@yum yum.repos.d]# yum makecache            其他服务器要是想用本yum源,就按照上面操作,将/etc/yum.repos.d目录下的repo文件都移除,然后将上面编写的两个文件放进去,执行yum clean all和yum makecache即可!       ============================================================================  温馨提示:以上的yum源配置及两个yum文件在centos6和centos7系统下都适用!已经验证!!       ============================================================================  更新以上yum源的脚本:  可以将上面两个文件放到http://mirrors.kevin.com/software里面,用于脚本中下载  [root@yum ~]# cd /data/mirrors/software/  [root@yum software]# ls  yum_reset.sh        CentOS-Base.repo            epel.repo                           [root@yum software]# cat yum_reset.sh  #!/bin/bash  cd /etc/yum.repos.d/  /bin/mkdir /etc/yum.repos.d/bak  mv /etc/yum.repos.d/*.repo /etc/yum.repos.d/bak  wget http://mirrors.kevin.com/software/CentOS-Base.repo  wget http://mirrors.kevin.com/software/epel.repo  /usr/bin/yum clean all  /usr/bin/yum makecache            只需要将上面的yum_reset.sh脚本下载到目标服务器上,然后执行,就可以将目标服务器的yum源更新了。  # wget http://mirrors.kevin.com/software/yum_reset.sh  # sh -x yum_reset.sh

  可以定期更新以上的yum源同步脚本(mirros.sh),比如每月更新一次

[root@yum ~]# crontab -e  #每个月1号的23:00点同步一次yum源  0 23 1 * * /bin/bash -x /data/script/mirrors.sh > /dev/null 2>&1

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