不到1分钟,从零完成k3s Kubeconfig配置! – 掘金

不到1分钟,从零完成k3s Kubeconfig配置! – 掘金

K3s是由Rancher Labs于今年年初发布的一款开源、极轻量的Kubernetes发行版,完美适用于在资源有限的环境中运行Kubernetes。K3s一经发布就得到了业界的高度关注和认可,发布半年以来已在GitHub上拥有近8500颗Star

最初k3s只是一个用于本地Kubernetes开发的POC项目,而如今已有很多企业用户在生产环境中使用它。

官方GitRepo:

https://github.com/rancher/k3s

官方定义:k3s是完全符合标准的生产级Kubernetes发行版,具有以下四个方面的主要变化:

  • 删除旧的、非必须的代码K3s不包括任何默认禁用的Alpha功能或者过时的功能,原有的API组件目前仍运行于标准部署当中。除此之外,Rancher还删除了所有非默认许可控制器,in- tree云提供商和存储驱动程序,但允许用户添加任何他们需要的驱动程序。

  • 整合正在运行的打包进程:为了节省RAM,Rancher将通常在Kubernetes管理服务器上运行的多流程合并为单个流程。Rancher还将在工作节点上运行的kubelet、kubeproxy和flannel代理进程组合成一个进程。

  • 使用containerd代替Docker作为运行时的容器引擎:通过用containderd替换Docker,Rancher能够显著减少运行时占用空间,删除libnetwork、swarm、Docker存储驱动程序和其他插件等功能。

  • 除了 etcd 之外,引入 SQLite 作为可选的数据存储:Rancher在k3s中添加了SQLite作为可选的数据存储,从而为etcd提供了一个轻量级的替代方案。该方案不仅占用了较少的内存,而且大幅简化了操作。

鉴于k3s受到极高的关注度以及广泛的应用,大量的开源社区用户开始搭建有关k3s的项目,本文将分享如何使用其中一个项目——k3sup,来实现一分钟内从零到完全配置k3s Kubeconfig。

K3sup:1分钟之内,从零到完全配置Kubeconfig

K3sup:https://github.com/alexellis/k3sup

K3sup是由Alex Ellis创建的一个开源项目,这使得k3s的安装和kubeconfig文件的生成变得快速和方便。这一工具能以极快的速度自动化安装k3s、将SAN地址更新为公共IP、下载k3s配置文件然后使用VM的公共IP地址将其更新,以便可以使用kubectl连接它。

以下步骤使用Amazon EC2实例说明了此过程:

步骤1:启动Amazon EC2实例,让安全组打开端口并通过ssh登录。

  • 登录亚马逊控制台并单击EC2

  • 在EC2 Dashboard上,点击启动实例

  • 选择 Amazon Linux 2 AMI 镜像

  • 选择实例类型(我们将使用t2.medium)

  • 选择VPC/Subnet/IAM等并且启用自动分配公共IP(一切都保持默认)

  • 添加存储(使用默认配置)

  • 添加标签(如果需要的话)

  • 配置安全组以允许不同端口上的流量(本demo中启用所有流量)

  • 选择一个密钥对并且启动实例

步骤2:下载k3sup的二进制文件

curl -sLS https://raw.githubusercontent.com/alexellis/k3sup/master/get.sh | sh  [root@ip-172-31-33-136 ec2-user]# curl -sLS https://raw.githubusercontent.com/alexellis/k3sup/master/get.sh | sh  which: no k3sup in (/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin)  x86_64  Downloading package https://github.com/alexellis/k3sup/releases/download/0.2.0/k3sup as /tmp/k3sup  Download complete.    Running as root - Attempting to move k3sup to /usr/local/bin  New version of k3sup installed to /usr/local/bin

步骤3:将ssh密钥复制到VM中的’vi /root/.ssh/id_rsa’位置,导出IP并使用k3sup安装k3s

[root@ip-172-31-33-136 ec2-user]# **cd /usr/local/bin**    [root@ip-172-31-33-136 bin]# **export IP=54.159.112.255**    [root@ip-172-31-33-136 bin]# **./k3sup install --ip $IP --user ec2-user**    Public IP: 54.159.112.255  ssh -i /root/.ssh/id_rsa ec2-user@54.159.112.255    ssh: curl -sLS https://get.k3s.io | INSTALL_K3S_EXEC='server --tls-san 54.159.112.255' sh -  [INFO]  Finding latest release  [INFO]  Using v0.8.0 as release  [INFO]  Downloading hash [https://github.com/rancher/k3s/releases/download/v0.8.0/sha256sum-amd64.txt](https://github.com/rancher/k3s/releases/download/v0.8.0/sha256sum-amd64.txt)  [INFO]  Downloading binary [https://github.com/rancher/k3s/releases/download/v0.8.0/k3s](https://github.com/rancher/k3s/releases/download/v0.8.0/k3s)  [INFO]  Verifying binary download  [INFO]  Installing k3s to /usr/local/bin/k3s  which: no kubectl in (/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin)  [INFO]  Creating /usr/local/bin/kubectl symlink to k3s  which: no crictl in (/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin)  [INFO]  Creating /usr/local/bin/crictl symlink to k3s  which: no ctr in (/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin)  [INFO]  Creating /usr/local/bin/ctr symlink to k3s  [INFO]  Creating killall script /usr/local/bin/k3s-killall.sh  [INFO]  Creating uninstall script /usr/local/bin/k3s-uninstall.sh  [INFO]  env: Creating environment file /etc/systemd/system/k3s.service.env  [INFO]  systemd: Creating service file /etc/systemd/system/k3s.service  [INFO]  systemd: Enabling k3s unit  Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/k3s.service to /etc/systemd/system/k3s.service.  [INFO]  systemd: Starting k3s  Result: [INFO]  Finding latest release  [INFO]  Using v0.8.0 as release  [INFO]  Downloading hash [https://github.com/rancher/k3s/releases/download/v0.8.0/sha256sum-amd64.txt](https://github.com/rancher/k3s/releases/download/v0.8.0/sha256sum-amd64.txt)  [INFO]  Downloading binary [https://github.com/rancher/k3s/releases/download/v0.8.0/k3s](https://github.com/rancher/k3s/releases/download/v0.8.0/k3s)  [INFO]  Verifying binary download  [INFO]  Installing k3s to /usr/local/bin/k3s  [INFO]  Creating /usr/local/bin/kubectl symlink to k3s  [INFO]  Creating /usr/local/bin/crictl symlink to k3s  [INFO]  Creating /usr/local/bin/ctr symlink to k3s  [INFO]  Creating killall script /usr/local/bin/k3s-killall.sh  [INFO]  Creating uninstall script /usr/local/bin/k3s-uninstall.sh  [INFO]  env: Creating environment file /etc/systemd/system/k3s.service.env  [INFO]  systemd: Creating service file /etc/systemd/system/k3s.service  [INFO]  systemd: Enabling k3s unit  [INFO]  systemd: Starting k3s  which: no kubectl in (/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin)  which: no crictl in (/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin)  which: no ctr in (/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin)  Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/k3s.service to /etc/systemd/system/k3s.service.  ssh: sudo cat /etc/rancher/k3s/k3s.yaml  Saving file to: /usr/local/bin/kubeconfig

它将创建一个kubeconfig文件并且保存在你运行命令的目录中。

步骤4:导出KUBECONFIG

[root@ip-172-31-33-136 bin]#** export KUBECONFIG=`pwd`/kubeconfig**

步骤5:开始玩转k3s

[root@ip-172-31-33-136 bin]# **./kubectl get nodes**    NAME                            STATUS   ROLES    AGE   VERSION    ip-172-31-33-136.ec2.internal   Ready    master   24s   v1.14.5-k3s.1      [root@ip-172-31-33-136 bin]# **./kubectl get pods -n kube-system**    NAME                         READY   STATUS      RESTARTS   AGE    coredns-b7464766c-ngf46      1/1     Running     0          4m3s    helm-install-traefik-x6wfj   0/1     Completed   0          4m3s    svclb-traefik-65gw9          2/2     Running     0          3m49s    traefik-56688c4464-5rdss     1/1     Running     0          3m49s

运行一个简单的服务:

# Create a Deployment  **./kubectl run nginx --image=nginx**    # Create Service  [root@ip-172-31-33-136 bin]# **./kubectl expose deployment nginx --port=80 --target-port=80**    service/nginx exposed    [root@ip-172-31-33-136 bin]# **./kubectl get svc**    NAME         TYPE        CLUSTER-IP     EXTERNAL-IP   PORT(S)   AGE    kubernetes   ClusterIP   10.43.0.1      <none>        443/TCP   45m    nginx        ClusterIP   10.43.99.179   <none>        80/TCP    5s    [root@ip-172-31-33-136 bin]#  **curl 10.43.99.179**    <!DOCTYPE html>  <html>  <head>  <title>Welcome to nginx!</title>  <style>  body {  width: 35em;  margin: 0 auto;  font-family: Tahoma, Verdana, Arial, sans-serif;  }  </style>  </head>  <body>  <h1>Welcome to nginx!</h1>  <p>If you see this page, the nginx web server is successfully installed and  working. Further configuration is required.</p>  <p>For online documentation and support please refer to  <a href="http://nginx.org/">nginx.org</a>.<br/>  Commercial support is available at  <a href="http://nginx.com/">nginx.com</a>.</p>  <p><em>Thank you for using nginx.</em></p>  </body>  </html>

加入两个节点:是否可以在不登录节点的情况下将节点与主节点连接?是的,k3sup可以做到这一点。

在VM上获得k3s设置后,你可以轻松地将节点加入到集群:

#AGENT_IP is the IP of the VM that you want to add to the cluster that has k3s running  **export AGENT_IP=54.196.113.156**    #SERVER_IP is the IP of the server where k3 is installed   export SERVER_IP=54.159.112.255  **export USER=ec2-user**    [root@ip-172-31-33-136 bin]# **./k3sup join --ip $AGENT_IP --server-ip $SERVER_IP --user ec2-user  **Server IP: 54.159.112.255  ssh -i /root/.ssh/id_rsa ec2-user@54.159.112.255  ssh: sudo cat /var/lib/rancher/k3s/server/node-token    K1077d707d0868b652aca7adfc21b5f34a1f0357e71b216bf8b3c94a559cd4f93a6::node:014c8ed3f6574d27db73b9c8bf67f617    ssh: curl -sfL https://get.k3s.io/ | K3S_URL="https://54.159.112.255:6443" K3S_TOKEN="K1077d707d0868b652aca7adfc21b5f34a1f0357e71b216bf8b3c94a559cd4f93a6::node:014c8ed3f6574d27db73b9c8bf67f617" sh -    [INFO]  Finding latest release  [INFO]  Using v0.8.0 as release  [INFO]  Downloading hash [https://github.com/rancher/k3s/releases/download/v0.8.0/sha256sum-amd64.txt](https://github.com/rancher/k3s/releases/download/v0.8.0/sha256sum-amd64.txt)  [INFO]  Downloading binary [https://github.com/rancher/k3s/releases/download/v0.8.0/k3s](https://github.com/rancher/k3s/releases/download/v0.8.0/k3s)  [INFO]  Verifying binary download  [INFO]  Installing k3s to /usr/local/bin/k3s  which: no kubectl in (/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin)  [INFO]  Creating /usr/local/bin/kubectl symlink to k3s  which: no crictl in (/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin)  [INFO]  Creating /usr/local/bin/crictl symlink to k3s  which: no ctr in (/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin)  [INFO]  Creating /usr/local/bin/ctr symlink to k3s  [INFO]  Creating killall script /usr/local/bin/k3s-killall.sh  [INFO]  Creating uninstall script /usr/local/bin/k3s-agent-uninstall.sh  [INFO]  env: Creating environment file /etc/systemd/system/k3s-agent.service.env  [INFO]  systemd: Creating service file /etc/systemd/system/k3s-agent.service  [INFO]  systemd: Enabling k3s-agent unit  Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/k3s-agent.service to /etc/systemd/system/k3s-agent.service.  [INFO]  systemd: Starting k3s-agent  Logs: which: no kubectl in (/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin)  which: no crictl in (/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin)  which: no ctr in (/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin)  Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/k3s-agent.service to /etc/systemd/system/k3s-agent.service.  Output: [INFO]  Finding latest release  [INFO]  Using v0.8.0 as release  [INFO]  Downloading hash [https://github.com/rancher/k3s/releases/download/v0.8.0/sha256sum-amd64.txt](https://github.com/rancher/k3s/releases/download/v0.8.0/sha256sum-amd64.txt)  [INFO]  Downloading binary [https://github.com/rancher/k3s/releases/download/v0.8.0/k3s](https://github.com/rancher/k3s/releases/download/v0.8.0/k3s)  [INFO]  Verifying binary download  [INFO]  Installing k3s to /usr/local/bin/k3s  [INFO]  Creating /usr/local/bin/kubectl symlink to k3s  [INFO]  Creating /usr/local/bin/crictl symlink to k3s  [INFO]  Creating /usr/local/bin/ctr symlink to k3s  [INFO]  Creating killall script /usr/local/bin/k3s-killall.sh  [INFO]  Creating uninstall script /usr/local/bin/k3s-agent-uninstall.sh  [INFO]  env: Creating environment file /etc/systemd/system/k3s-agent.service.env  [INFO]  systemd: Creating service file /etc/systemd/system/k3s-agent.service  [INFO]  systemd: Enabling k3s-agent unit  [INFO]  systemd: Starting k3s-agent        [root@ip-172-31-33-136 bin]# **./kubectl get nodes**    NAME                            STATUS   ROLES    AGE   VERSION    ip-172-31-33-136.ec2.internal   Ready    master   19m   v1.14.5-k3s.1    ip-172-31-37-118.ec2.internal   Ready    worker   11s   v1.14.5-k3s.1

你可以看到使用k3sup设置k3s集群并在不到60秒的时间内将其作为Amazon EC2实例上运行的节点加入VM是如此容易。赶紧上手尝试吧!